Neck and Head

Head and Neck injuries can range from minor aches and pains to very serious injuries. Special care is taken in history and examination with head and neck injuries to rule out any red flags and to provide the patient with the best treatment option unique to their condition. Commonly seen conditions of the head and neck include:

Cervical Disc Herniation

Spinal discs are made up of a tough outer surface (annulus fibrosus) and a jelly substance inner core (nucleus pulposus) which act as shock absorbers and cushions throughout the vertebral column. A spinal disc herniation is a medical condition affecting the spine in which a tear in the outer, fibrous ring allows the soft jelly central portion to bulge out. >> Learn more

Neck Pain

The term neck pain is a very generic term and encompasses a multitude of dysfunctions and disorders of the neck, all which cause pain. The cause of neck pain is unique to each patient and the treatment approach to deal with the problem needs to be specific for each individual. >> Learn more


A headache or cephalgia is pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck. It can be multifactorial in nature or contributed to different conditions of the head and neck. There are numerous known types of headache classifications, each with its own set of symptoms and causes which needs to be addressed accordingly. >> Learn more

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ, Jaw pain)

TMJ is an umbrella term covering acute or chronic inflammation of the temporomandibular joint, which connects the mandible (jaw bone) to the skull. The disorder and resultant dysfunction can result in significant pain and impairment. >> Learn more


Whiplash is a non-medical term describing pain patterns and dysfunctions associated with injuries to the soft tissues of the neck. These tissues include the ligaments, tendons and muscles of the neck. >> Learn more